Major Categories Of Prescription Painkillers

Categories Of Prescription PainkillersIf you suffer from pain, prescription painkillers may be necessary if you have already tried over-the-counter medications to manage it. A visit with your family doctor is the first step towards diagnosing your pain. Once diagnosed, the doctor can prescribe the best remedy for your discomfort. There are many different types of pain relievers. The ideal option for you will mainly depend upon your particular condition.


Corticosteroids as prescription drugs provide relief from discomfort caused by inflammation. They reduce swelling and itchiness for patients with arthritis, allergies, and asthma. Cancer patients experiencing pain often use corticosteroids for an increased appetite during treatment. Prescribed as a pill or an injection, some varieties include prednisone, prednisolone, and methylprednisolone. Doctors usually prescribe it at a low dose over a small amount of time due to its addictive properties.


Narcotic pain medications, also known as “opioids,” treat acute pain temporarily, thereby reducing the risk of addiction. Unlike other painkillers, opioids do not cause bleeding in the stomach or in other parts of the body. Opioids treat severe pain, which gives the patient mobility in the afflicted area. The most popular opioids available via prescription include morphine, fentanyl, oxycodone and codeine.


Though antidepressants primarily treat emotional conditions, they are also an effective pain reliever. Frequently used for those with chronic pain, they adjust the natural chemicals in the brain to help sufferers who do not respond to the typical treatments. Antidepressants have milder side effects than other medications. 


Anticonvulsants treat patients who are prone to seizures, but they sometimes are used to treat severe pain for those who suffer from nerve damage. Prescribed medications include carbamazepine, gabapentin, and pregabalin. One advantage to anticonvulsants is that they have fewer side effects than other prescribed medications, which are limited to drowsiness, dizziness, fatigue, and nausea.

Using Pain Management Medications

Following the exact directions of your pain management analgesics reduces your risk of side effects and addiction. Those who have allergic reactions to any of these pain relievers should seek out natural remedies instead. All of these medications should be stored in a place that children do not have access to, as they should not be used by anyone but the specific patient. As with all medications, dispose of any unused doses by the expiration date to avoid unpredictable side effects. In the event of accidental overdose, notify emergency services immediately.